Cannabidiol (CBD) oil is one of the most medicinally beneficial compounds found naturally in the cannabis plant. CBD’s popularity is only surpassed by that of its cousin, Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC). The main difference between tetrahydrocannabinol and cannabidiol is that THC is psychoactive while CBD is not. CBD is the main compound in cannabis responsible for the plant’s healing properties, while THC gives marijuana most of its psychoactive properties.
But CBD and THC aren’t the only cannabinoids. The cannabis plant produces more than 115 other cannabinoids, including cannabigerol (CBG), cannabichromene (CBC), and cannabinol (CBN), to name a few.
This post compares CBD oil and CBG oil to find out which of these products offers more pharmacological benefits.
More about CBD oil and CBG oil
When you first come across the terms cannabidiol and cannabigerol, you might be wondering what is CBG oil? As mentioned earlier, cannabidiol is one of the most popular extracts from the cannabis plant. CBG is not as extensively researched as CBD. The compound is also not comparable to CBD in terms of availability. During plant growth, much of the CBG is converted into other cannabinoids, including CBD and THC. Only 1% of the CBG remains in the plant. But the fact that CBG isn’t as popular as CBD doesn’t make it any less beneficial. Along with CBD, people are looking for Delta-8 carts near me to get the products easily.
Now, CBD oil and CBG oil simply refer to the oils extracted from cannabidiol and cannabigerol, respectively.
There may be slight variations in the extraction of CBD and CBG oil. Most cannabis oils, however, are obtained by subjecting the plant material to two critical processes, namely decarboxylation and winterization.
Decarboxylation is a chemical process that uses heat to separate a carboxyl group from a compound. In the case of plant substances, decarboxylation can also occur naturally during the plant’s growth cycle.
CBD occurs naturally in the cannabis plant as cannabidiolic acid (CBDA). Decarboxylation converts CBDA to its more active form, CBD. On the other hand, CBG occurs naturally in the cannabis plant as cannabigerolic acid (CBGA). Decarboxylation strips the compound of its carboxyl group, resulting in the stronger CBG.
After decarboxylation, the cannabis plant material goes through a process called winterization or fractional crystallization. During winterization, CBG oil and CBD oil are extracted from a mixture of cannabis oils, depending on the oils’ differences in melting point, volatility and solubility. It’s also worth noting that both CBD oil and CBG oil are not psychoactive. When administered, these compounds interact with endocannabinoid receptors located further from the brain known as CB2 receptors. That explains their non-psychoactive nature.
CBD Oil Versus CBG Oil – Health Benefits
Both CBD and CBG oils are effective pain relievers. A 2018 study also found that both substances can relieve pain in the same way by improving the performance of certain pain-signaling receptors in the endocannabinoid system.
Cannabidiol is a more potent anxiolytic compound than cannabigerol. CBD can relieve anxiety by increasing the body’s access to its own happiness hormones like serotonin.
Inflammation is another condition that you can use cannabidiol and cannabigerol to relieve. Both compounds treat anti-inflammatory conditions by inhibiting the body’s anti-inflammatory messenger activity. According to a 2013 study, CBG may be effective in relieving inflammatory bowel disease.
Almost all non-psychoactive cannabis compounds have powerful sedative properties. CBD oil and CBG oil are no exception. As tranquilizers, these compounds mostly treat insomnia by shortening sleep latency. However, CBD has more sleep-inducing benefits than CBG. In addition to shortening sleep latency, the compound can also reduce rapid REM (sleep) eye movement. CBD can also alleviate some of the most common triggers of insomnia, such as post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and REM sleep behavior disorder (RBD).
The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has approved a CBD / THC-based drug called Marinol® for the treatment of chemotherapy-induced nausea in cancer patients. A 2016 study in rats found that CBG can also treat nausea and improve appetite.
Other Health Benefits of Cannabidiol CBD Oil
In addition to the aforementioned conditions, CBD has shown promise in treating seizures as well. The FDA has since approved another CBD-based drug called Epidiolex for treating seizures related to Dravet syndrome, Lennox-Gastaut syndrome, or tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC) in children one year of age and older.
Other medical conditions that you can use CBD to relieve include metabolic disorders like diabetes, skin problems like eczema, and psychiatric problems like schizophrenia.
In addition to the above, CBG offers other health benefits. According to a 2008 study, cannabigerol could help relieve intraocular pressure. That makes the compound effective against glaucoma.
CBG also contains neuroprotective properties and can be effective in treating neurodegenerative diseases such as Huntington’s disease. Cannabigerol also contains powerful antibacterial properties, with some studies showing it could even kill methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), which is known to cause drug-resistant staph infections.
Is CBG Oil Better Than Cannabidiol CBD Oil?
Both cannabidiol oil and cannabigerol oil have immense health benefits. However, numerous studies on the pharmacological benefits of cannabis tend to focus on CBD. In itself, CBD oil seems to have more health benefits than CBG oil. As a general rule, always talk to your doctor before using any of the compounds. Also, make sure you have legal access to cannabis products in your country before incorporating CBG oil or CBD oil into your health routine.